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As tariffs loom, a look at Canada's steel, aluminum industries, by the numbers

Last Updated May 31, 2018 at 8:40 am PST

A coils of steel is moved by a crane at the Direct Strip Production Complex at Essar Steel Algoma in Sault Ste. Marie, Ont., on Wednesday, March 14, 2018. The Trump administration is promising to hit Canada with big steel and aluminum tariffs as of midnight Thursday night. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Justin Tang

OTTAWA – The Trump administration says it will go ahead with plans to hit Canada, Mexico and the European Union with hefty tariffs on steel and aluminum, effective midnight Thursday night. Here are some facts and figures about the steel and aluminum industries in Canada:


Production: About 13 billion tonnes a year.

Sales: About $14 billion.

Jobs: 22,000 direct, 100,000 indirect.

Exports: About half of Canada’s production is exported, mostly to the U.S.

Location: Steel is produced in five provinces, but production is concentrated mainly in Ontario.

Tariff: U.S. plans to impose 25 per cent tariff on steel from Canada.


Production: About 3.2 million tonnes a year.

Sales: About $12 billion.

Jobs: 8,300 direct, 20,000 indirect.

Exports: More than 80 per cent of production is exported to the U.S.

Location: Aluminum is produced in Quebec and British Columbia, with Quebec the largest producer by far.

Tariff: U.S. plans to impose 10 per cent tariff on aluminum from Canada.

(Sources: Canadian Steel Producers Association, Aluminum Association of Canada)